Joint family vs Nuclear family
What is a Nuclear Family
A nuclear family is a family that consists of two married parents and their children, all living under one roof. There can be any number of children in a nuclear family. The children can be the couple’s biological children or adopted children. A nuclear family is usually centred around the married couple. This is also known as a conjugal family.
The concept of the nuclear family has evolved over time; traditional nuclear family typically included married partners of opposite sexes. However, today, partners of the same sex (gay or lesbian couples), unmarried partners who raise child/children together also fall under the category of a nuclear family.
Furthermore, nuclear families are a very common concept in the modern world, especially in western countries. There are both pros and cons of nuclear families. In nuclear families, one or both partners may work outside the house. If only one parent is working, the family may face financial problems; especially, if that family have many children. If both parents are working, they may face problems with taking care of the children alone; for example, if both spend a lot of hours out of the house, children will be alone at home.
What is a Joint Family
A joint family is a family that extends beyond a nuclear family, consisting of several generations – children, parents and grandparents. It may also consist of aunts, uncles and cousins. The main feature of a joint family is that all these relatives live under one roof. A joint family usually forms when children (usually either sons or daughters) do not leave their parents’ home at marriage but bring their spouses to live with them. Typically, a joint family may consist of an older man and his wife, his sons their wives and children, and unmarried children.
A joint family has both pros and cons. Since there are more than two adults in a family, they have a larger income. The burden of earning will not fall on the shoulders of only one member. Moreover, members of a joint family share all the tasks such as cooking and child-rearing. Since there are many adults in the house, children may spend more time with them, and receive adult guidance and care. Besides, children of joint families tend to be more accommodative and adjusting than children brought up in nuclear families. However, a joint family may allow less privacy and may hinder individual expression.
A family is like a bowl of fruit salad, different in taste, color, looks, but together makes that amazing flavor which can make anyone forget their pain and take a sigh of relief. Family is the soil where our roots are held together and from where we grow as an individual, yet attached to the roots.
- The importance of family in India
In India the family is the most important institution that has survived through the ages. India is a country that emphasizes family integrity, family loyalty, and family unity. The Indian family has been a dominant institution in the life of the individual and in the life of the community
Basically, there are two types of families – Joint family and nuclear family
- Joint Family
Joint family is a type of extended family, which consists of parents, their children, spouses of the children and their offspring in one household. In India, the system of a joint family hails from the Vedic times and was popular even when the kings ruled this land.
- Nuclear family
A nuclear family is one which consists of the husband wife and their unmarried children. Soon after marriage, the children leave their parental home and establish their separate household. Hence a nuclear family is an autonomous unit free from the control of the elders. Since there is physical distance between parents and their married children, there is minimum interdependence between them.
Joint family vs Nuclear family
1. Dependency – As discussed, a joint family is an extended family and it consists of a lot of members. People can depend on each other for any kind of help. Thus, this is one of the best quality that a joint family possess.
2. Unity – Joint family creates an emotional bond between two generations and it helps to keep the family united in all the situations. The tradition and culture is passed on to the coming generations so that they can take it forward. The proverb “United we stand, Divided we fall”, goes true in the joint family system.
3. Preference of the youngsters – There are youngsters out there in the society, who prefer a social life with a better support system. These people believe in the system of joint family.
4. Provides an opportunity for leisure time – The joint family system provides an opportunity for leisure time as the female members divide the household work and finish it off very soon.
5. Social insurance – Joint family acts as a social insurance and a support for the widows and the old aged people. They are assured of a proper living.
1. More freedom – Nuclear families have more freedom as compared to a joint family system. They do not have to worry about what the other members of the household may think. They can roam around freely and come back at any time without being answerable to anyone. Democracy exists in a nuclear family.
2. Bonding – Nuclear family is based upon the parental love and sibling connection. The mechanism of relationships in a nuclear family is very straight forward. It is based on the foundation of mutual respect and love for each other.
3. Kid’s preference – Youngsters of a nuclear family prefer more freedom and less restrictions. As both the parents go to work, kids may feel bored at home. They may prefer to go out and play with their friends or to go out for an outing. To carry out such activities, less restriction is essential.
4. Quarrels – Nuclear families face fewer quarrels when compared to a joint family. Usually, they are the small quarrels between a husband and wife or a child and the parents.
Difference Between Nuclear Family and Joint Family
A nuclear family is a family that includes two adult spouses and children whereas a joint family is a family extends beyond a nuclear family as it includes grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins.
A nuclear family is typically smaller than a joint family.
Moreover, a nuclear family has two parents and their children, while a joint family usually has grandparents, parents, children, uncles, aunts, and cousins.
In a nuclear family, one or both parents have the responsibility to earn an income. However, in a joint family, usually more than two adults work, and financial responsibilities are shouldered jointly.
Children in a nuclear family may not spend a lot of time with adults at home, especially if both parents are working. In contrast, there are other adults to take care of the children, even if both parents are working.
A nuclear family has an adult couple and their children. A joint family, on the other hand, extends beyond a joint family as it includes multiple generations living under one roof. The main difference between nuclear family and joint family is that a nuclear family is small while a joint family is big.
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